This catalogue style pedigree is highly edited to promote quality in the pedigree. It closely follows the rules we use to produce sales catalogue pedigrees. Each black-type performer is displayed on a line of their own. Most pedigrees will include 3 or 4 dams and will fit on two or three pages. This pedigree will not artifically stop on a prescribed page. Pedigrees will remain available for you to review for 48 hrs after purchase.
Please note that the guidelines listed below, are very general explanations of the International Cataloguing Standards Committee rules. It is necessary to remember that black-type is also awarded based on which part in the International Cataloguing Standards booklet a particular country appears.
Black type (stakes) races are races which:
The following types of races are no longer awarded black type status:
The minimum purse value distributed on race day beginning January 1, 2003, must be $35,000 and the only restrictions allowed for black type status are those races restricted to state-bred runners, non-winners of a sweepstakes, sales graduates and stallions’ progeny. Beginning January 1, 2004, the minimum purse value distributed on race day must be a minimum of $40,000.
Categories of Black-Type Races
Graded races are classified by the North American Graded Stakes Committee of the Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association (TOBA) as a non-restricted race with added money or guaranteed purse value of $50,000 ($75,000, beginning in 2000) or more which has been run at least twice under similar conditions, on the same surface and has been assigned graded stakes status for the year contested. To be considered for graded status, beginning January 1, 2003, the minimum purse must be: Grade 1, $200,000; Grade 2, $150,000; Grade 3, $100,000. Beginning January 1, 2004, the minimum purse value for a Grade 1 race was raised to $250,000.
Grade (group) designators (-G1, -G2, -G3) were inaugurated in 1971 and were applied to English, French, Irish, German and Italian races, but not applied to North American catalog pages until 1973. These same designators were inaugurated in 1973 for the United States and Canada. Beginning January 1, 1985, brackets [ ] replaced the dash preceding the designators. At this time, the designators could also be listed after a horse's name, indicating it's best finish, if there was no room on a catalog page to list a complete race name. Starting January 1, 2002, the track abbreviation where the race was run and the amount of money earned by the individual is carried in parentheses following the grade designators.
As stated above, the first three finishers in a race will receive black type status, but beginning with races run January 1, 1985, fourth place finishes in graded races run in countries listed in Part 1 of the "International Cataloguing Standards" will be recognized as official placings and those horses will also earn black type. This ruling was amended starting January 1, 1989, to award fourth placed finishers black type status in Grade 1 races only. A subsequent ruling beginning January 1, 1990, no longer awards fourth place finishers any black type status.
From 1983 through 2001, listed races in North America are those with an added money value of $50,000 or more, which have not yet received graded status. These races will receive the designator -L (or -LR if restricted) prior to 1985. For the year 1985, the designators were changed to [L] or [LR]. Starting in 1986, the track abbreviation where the race was run and the amount of money earned by the individual is carried in parentheses following the designators. Beginning January 1, 1991, an "L" race may not be restricted. The minimum added money value to qualify as a listed race, beginning January 1, 2002, is $75,000.
Restricted races in North America are those, which are restricted to certain runners as defined within the conditions of the race. These conditions tend to exclude runners of greater quality for consideration other than sex or age. These races received the designator -R prior to 1985. Beginning January 1, 2002, the following types of restricted races are no longer awarded black type status: (1) stakes restricted to maidens, (2) stakes that limit eligibility to horses that have started for a claiming price, (3) stakes for horses entered to be claimed, (4) stakes that carry an optional claiming condition. Beginning January 1, 2003, the only restrictions allowed for black type status are those races restricted to state-bred runners, non-winners of a sweepstakes, sales graduates and stallions’ progeny.
Other Added Money Black Type Races
Other races that qualify for black type have an added money value of $15,000 to $49,000 through calendar year 1988. Beginning January 1, 1989, the minimum purse value for black type races increased to $20,000-added. The purse value for black type races beginning January 1, 1990, was increased to $25,000-added or $35,000-guaranteed, and starting January 1, 1994, a black type race must have a total purse value distributed on the day of the race of $25,000 or more. Beginning January 1, 2002, the minimum purse value distributed on race day must be a minimum of $30,000. Beginning January 1, 2003, the minimum purse value distributed on race day must be a minimum of $35,000. As of January 1, 2004, the minimum purse value distributed on race day must be $40,000. These races receive an [O] (or [OR] if restricted) designator in 1985 only. Beginning in 1986, these races are not identified by race designators, unless the race is restricted, but are identified by the track abbreviation and money earned by the individual carried in parentheses following the race name. If the race is restricted, the -R designator is carried as part of the race name in addition to the track abbreviation and money earned.
[Q] races are unrestricted allowance and handicap races with a purse value of $30,000 or more. These races received black type status in 1985 only.
Non-Qualified Added Money Races
These races are stakes races that were run in 1985 only and had an added money value of less than $15,000. They do not receive black type status but are identified by the [N] designator.
Hurdle or Jump Races
Hurdle and jump races were included in Parts I, II and III of the "International Cataloguing Standards" book and qualified for black type status dependent upon their placement until January 1, 1986. Beginning with this date, these races were placed in Part IV of the publication and lost their black type status for catalogs produced using ICSC guidelines. Horses, which won or placed in a hurdle or jump race since January 1, 1986 are now identified by their names being carried in italic mixed case.
Stakes Races Include